Bare-knuckled and poised to punch, boys from the Venda tribe in Tshifudi, South Africa, engage in the boxing tradition known as musangwe. For boys as young as nine, it’s both an outlet for male energy and a check on aggression. Adults oversee the bouts to contain the violence.
This photo was originally published in "The Many Ways Society Makes a Man," in January 2017.
PHOTOGRAPH BY PETE MULLER, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC